Basic Choux Pastry and Troubleshooting guide

Basic Choux Pastry and Troubleshooting guide – Bestrecipe005





  • 8 fl oz water
  • 4 oz unsalted butter cubed and at room temp.
  • 4.7 oz AP flour, sifted use 5 oz / 145 g for a firmer shell
    (like for eclairs)
  • 8 oz eggs weighed with the shell, about 4 large eggs
  • 1/2 tsp sea salt use less if using table salt, or fine salt
  • 1 tbsp white sugar optional
  • 1/2 tsp vanilla extract optional


  1. Preheat oven to 375°F.
  2. Place salt, water, sugar (if using) and butter in a saucepan
    and heat over medium heat, stirring occasionally. When the water is starting to
    boil (butter should be melted at this point), add the flour in one go (do this
    with the saucepan away from the stove/heat) and vigorously mix the flour in, so
    that it absorbs all of the water (use a wooden spoon or spatula to do this).
    When the flour has absorbed the water and it’s forming a dough, return the pan
    to the stove (medium heat).
  3. Cook the dough for 2 – 5 minutes while you mix and move it
    around in the pan until you get a dough that pulls away from the sides of the
    pan, forms oil droplets on the bottom of the pan, and when you stick a spoon in
    the dough, it stays upright.
  4. Transfer the dough to a bowl, and let it cool down slightly
    for a few minutes. Add the vanilla extract (if using), and then with a
    hand-held mixer (or whisk), mix the dough while adding the eggs one at a time,
    mixing well after each addition. Make sure the eggs are lightly beaten so that
    you can stop adding eggs immediately, when you reach the right consistency
    (i.e. a dough with a glossy sheen with pipeable consistency. You may or may not
    use up all the eggs, please see the post for details).
  5. Prepare a baking tray with parchment paper and mist the
    surface with water (either using a mister or lightly sprinkle water with your
    hands – this is an optional step).
  6. Pipe the desired shape on to the baking sheet – either using
    a piping bag fitted with a large tip (I use Wilton 1A or 2A tip, or you can cut
    the pastry bag opening instead), or spoon it on to the tray, using a teaspoon.
    Then with a damp finger, flatten the apex and any points.
  7. Bake in preheated oven for 30 – 40 minutes in the center of
    the oven, or until the choux pastry shells puff up and are golden brown on top.
    Do not open the oven door, at least until you have reached the 25 minute mark.
    Importantly, baking time depends on the size of your pastry shell. If you
    prefer a drier shell, bake for a couple of minutes longer.
  8. During the last 5 – 10 minutes of baking, prick each shell
    with a skewer or toothpick and let them dry out in the oven while baking.
  9. Remove from the oven, and let the choux pastry cases cool
    completely in a draft-free area. Preferably in a place that is not cold.
    (Letting them cool in an open but turned off oven is even better, but not
    necessary). 
  10. Fill with a sweet or savory filling and serve immediately.
    Or you can store cooled choux pastry shells in an air-tight container for up to
    one day. To store them for longer, keep them in the freezer in an air-tight
    container.









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